"Autumn is a second spring when every leaf is a flower." Albert Camus
FALL AND WINTER HOURS
DAILY 9 AM TO 5 PM, SUNDAYS 10 AM TO 4 PM
With the arrival of October, gardeners now feel that we are officially in Autumn. The mornings have a cold snap to them but the days can still warm up into the 70's or even 80's. This is a busy month for gardeners. Harvesting is wrapping up and cool season gardening is in full swing. Watering is still essential and should be applied 2 to 4 times this month.
Compost garden debris and leaves. Plan to amend around existing plants, garden areas and lawns with organic products such as Bumper Crop and Paydirt. This is the perfect time to plant garlic. Garlic survives bitterly cold winters, grows rapidly when the weather warms in the spring, and bulbs in the summer. Ideally it should be planted 4 to 6 weeks before the ground is frozen.
This is also the time to plant fall bulbs for spring color. Greenhouse Garden Center has a great selection of bulbs including daffodils, tulips, allium, hyacinths, crocus and specialty bulbs found only here.
In October, Santa's helpers are busy transforming the inside and outside of Greenhouse Garden Center into a Christmas wonderland. Outside in the yard, our staff is busy getting our plant inventory ready for winter. October is still an excellent time for planting. Don't hesitate to ask our knowledgeable staff for assistance either inside or outside. What you are looking for may not be where you last saw it but we can find it for you.
Greenhouse Garden Center is now taking reservations for our annual Landscape Design Workshop, which is a perfect Christmas gift for the gardener who has everything or the homeowner who is thinking about making landscape changes or making upgrades.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS 2015
REDEEM HARVEST BUCKS THROUGH OCT. 10TH ON BULBS, OUTDOOR PLANT MATERIAL AND STATUARY
Seminar, "Preparing Your Yard For Winter", Speaker - David Ruf, 11:00 AM
FALL FESTIVAL SALE - NURSERY-WIDE - LIMITED TO IN-STOCK PLANT MATERIAL, 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM.
NOTE TIME CHANGE - SALE WILL BE DURING NORMAL POSTED BUSINESS HOURS
Seminar, "Shrubs For Fall Color Walking Tour", Speaker - David Ruf, 11:00 AM
Seminar, "Trees For Fall Color Walking Tour", Speaker - David Ruf, 11:00 AM
THE TIME IS HERE TO RESERVE YOUR SPOT FOR OUR ANNUAL LANDSCAPE DESIGN FOR THE HOMEOWNER WORKSHOP. THIS WEEKEND WORKSHOP IS ONLY OFFERED ONCE A YEAR AND IS LIMITED TO 16 PARTICIPANTS. IT FILLS UP FAST.
LANDSCAPE DESIGN WORKSHOP 2015
IINSTRUCTOR: David Ruf, Owner, Greenhouse Garden Center DATES: Saturdays, Jan. 23 & 24 and Session 5 by appointment TIME: 10:00 am to 3:00 pm (Sessions 1 through 4) COST: $125.00/person or $175.00/couple - RESERVATIONS REQUIRED
(class size limited to 16) WOW: Any person attending the workshop will receive 15% off any landscape plants purchased during the 2016 season. Lunch will be provided on Jan. 23 and Jan. 24. All classroom materials will be provided.
SESSION 1: January 23 - 10:00 am to 12:00 pm
This session will begin with landscape design decisions. The discussion will consider each homeowner's special circumstances and will include new landscape construction as well as renovating existing landscaped areas. Discussion and review of garden styles, home styles and existing landscape considerations specific to the individual homeowner's life style, home style and color - and general likes and dislikes will be identified. The homeowner should be prepared with square footage of the area and photographs of the property.
LUNCH BREAK - 12:00 pm to 12:45 pm
SESSION 2: January 23 - 12:45 pm to 3:00 pm
This session will involve helping each homeowner develop a site plan. Topics will include site location, exposure, slopes, grading and drainage issues, irrigation installation and electrical requirements. Each homeowner will receive a Nevada Plant Guide as an aid to making good plant choices. Homework will involve plotting the hardscape on the site plan.
SESSION 3: January 24 - 10:00 am to 12:00 pm
During this session drip and sprinkler considerations will be customized to each homeowners needs. Also, lawn, soil condition and amendments, fertilizers, plant care and watering issues will be addressed. In addition, hardscape landscaping such as pavers, patios, ponds, lighting, statuary, and benches will be discussed. Homework will involve plotting irrigation lines on the site plan.
LUNCH BREAK - 12:00 pm to 12:45 pm
SESSION 4: January 24 - 12:45 pm to 3:00 pm
This session will revolve around tree and plant selection. There will be a tour of the nursery to view various trees and shrubs. In addition there will be pictures of plants in optimal seasonal situations. Decisions on where to place plant species in site plans will be done. Finally a cost analysis will be developed for the homeowner. Homework will involve placement of trees and planting beds on the site plan.
SESSION 5: By Appointment
The final session will be devoted to a review of the homeowner's personal landscape designs. Modifications will be made where necessary. This session will also be used as a catch up session for those homeowners who need additional help.
Autumn is a good time to prepare your lawn for the year ahead, and the best time to tackle any long-term improvements. Tasks such as raking out lawn debris, eradicating moss, feeding, and aerating will improve the quality of your lawn greatly if carried out on a yearly basis. Under some conditions, grass clippings and debris can form a thick "thatch" on the surface of your lawn. This affects growth of the grass and should be removed with a lawn rake. Raking also removes moss.
If grass growth is poor, aerate the lawn. Prior to aerating, mow your grass one final time - short - around 1 1/2". We recommend using a powered aerator that actually pulls plugs of grass and thatch out of the lawn. These can be rented locally - or call us here at 882-8600 and we can arrange to come out and do that for you.
Brush gypsum into the holes in areas of clay or poor drainage. Alternatively, in sandy areas, rake in Paydirt or Bumper Crop. October is a little late here for reseeding; however, sodding or patching with sod is fine.
After you have completed all of the above preparations, it is time to apply your final fertilization of the season. We recommend a couple of different options for you. Our Easy Living Fall and Winter Lawn Food contains sulfur and iron both.
If you prefer to stay organic then Dr. Earth Lawn Food is a fine choice for anytime of the year. Because of the alkaline nature of our soil and water, we recommend additional sulfur and iron be added to all plant material, including grass, in addition to fall fertilizer. Dr. Iron or FST are great choices.
Avoid Ironite in Northern Nevada as your supplemental iron and sulfur choic, because the percentages of these elements in the product are around 2%, which won't give you enough iron and sulfur.
Finally, remember that water is still essential in October. At the beginning of the month, continue to water once a week. By the end of the month, if the night temperature is consistently below 27 degrees, the irrigation system should be winterized to prevent freeze damage.
Autumn has arrived. Often, unknowing gardeners turn their irrigation systems off with the first freeze. Although it seems logical, this practice is not good for the health of your plants.
Weather patterns in the fall vary from occasional freezes, particularly at night, to 60's and 70's in the daytime. Rarely do we have significant precipitation in October that soaks the ground, and it is a good deep soaking that is best for plants.
Even though the temperature has dropped, the humidity is extremely low, the wind still blows and the sun is warm during the day. Plants continue to require water.
Up to the last week in September, the weather was hot, so plants were using quite a bit of water. To suddenly stop watering will cause stress. A better technique is to harden off trees, shrubs, flowers and lawn.
Hardening off means to gradually reduce the amount of water provided to your plants and lengthening the time between waterings. Ideally, especially with trees, water out to the drip line, the outer reach of the branches all the way around the tree, to a depth of 18 inches. Do this slowly so that water does not run off.
Flowers have a shallower root system, so they do not need as deep a soaking.
Depending on how hot the temperature gets, you should be able to water once per week at the beginning of October and by the end of October have extended that to once every two weeks. Keep in mind that new plantings will need more frequent watering.
In November, December, January and February plan to water once a month. Once the temperatures remain at freezing, sprinklers will need to be turned off and drained.
To provide monthly irrigation means turning on the sprinklers again and then draining them again, or watering with a hose. The Greenhouse Garden Center staff is available to assist you with any questions or concerns, or to turn off and drain your irrigation system for you. Call us anytime at 882-8600.
This is the best time of year to prepare your pond and fish so that next season will be a delightful ponding experience for you as well as your pond plants and fish.
The most difficult - but necessary - job is to clean out as many of the dead leaves and dirt at the bottom of the pond as possible.
If you have been netting your pond, put the net back over the pond when you have finished the cleaning process to prevent more leaves from blowing in and accumulating at the bottom of your pond. If left, the organic waste will start to rot without the benefit of oxygen.
This will cause toxic gasses to be released into the water. This condition will kill fish and frogs in the pond if the pond freezes over.
Simply by cleaning your pond and adding Microbe-Lift Fall and Winter Prep or Microbe-Lift PL and Microbe-Lift Sludgebuster and checking your pH, salts and nitrogen levels leave you prepared for winter.
Trim back all pond plant foliage, including the waterlily leaves floating on the surface.
Check to see if you have string/hair algae growing on the waterfall and stream bed. Treat this with an algaecide to keep the pond clear for the winter.
Stop feeding the fish. If your fish were ill during the year, add pond salt to .25% for the winter or 1% for 2 weeks, and then change the water to lower the pH levels.
If your pump is in the bottom of the pond, raise it closer to the surface and leave it about 1 foot below the surface. This helps keep the warm water on the bottom of the pond and fish happier. Leave your pump alone if it is in a skimmer.
Remove any UV lights and products that are hard plastic, which may freeze and crack if frozen during the winter.
If you are not planning to leave the pump running through the winter, install a pond heater, which will keep the ice open and allow toxic gasses to escape.
Plantskydd is back. Plantsdkydd repels by emitting an odor browsing animals associate with predator activity - stimulating a fearbased responses that will have garden feeders looking for somewhere else to dine.
Unlike other repellents that quickly lose their effectiveness after irrigating or rainfall, Plantskydd is rain and snow resistant.
It does not require immediate re-application. Plantskydd is organic and safe to use in organic vegetable gardens.
Plantskydd is proven effective against: deer, rabbits, voles, squirrels, chipmunks and other rodents.
MOUNTAIN SENTINAL ASPEN
Our native aspen, Mountain Sentinel, is now available in fastigiated form. This aspen is extremely narrow and upright, with ascending branches, the same silvery-gray bark, fluttering leaves, and golden yellow fall color, but in a much narrower form.
Mountain Sentinel aspen is hardy to zone 3, height 35', width 8'. Caution: aspens are a suckering tree by habit so this is not a good choice for a lawn area.
They like moisture so should do well in wet areas including those that drain poorly. They seem to be better suited down here in our Northern Nevada valleys than other cultivars of aspen.
I LOVE EYEWEAR
Eye Candy Readers are now available in our gift shop in cute, classy, and vibrant colors and designs.
These readers come in 1/4 strengths from 0.75 to 4.5. They feature spring hinges AR coating, aspheric lenses and matching cases are included. They are also available with no magnification and prescription ready.
Spring-flowering bulbs have arrived at Greenhouse Garden Center, and October is the perfect month to plant them. Consider planting a layered pot, sink it into the ground - and next March, pull it up and place it on your front porch for a colorful welcome.
Select some tulips or hyacinths to force. Place the bulbs in a paper bag in the refrigerator for 8 weeks and them pull them out and plant them in a decorative pot for blooming flowers by Valentines Day.
Fertilize the lawn, trees and shrubs one last time with Master Nursery All-Purpose Fertilizer 16-16-16. Apply Dr. Iron or FST to all acid-loving plants, including oaks and maples.
In the foothills and on the valley floor the soil is alkaline, so these products can be applied to all plant material, including the lawn.
Compost green waste that is not diseased. Dr. Earth Compost Starter is a superior blend of organic materials that actually inoculates the compost pile with necessary microorganisms needed to digest the raw organic matter.
Spray your junipers and arborvitaes with Lily Miller Microcop to control a fungus which attacks the tips of the plants. If you are noticing this problem, you will need to spray again in November.
Dig potatoes and gladiolas. Clean out the frozen annuals from the flower, vegetable and water garden.
If you have hardy shallow water plants in pots, remove them from the pond, heel them in a trough protected from the winter wind and prune them back.
Water regularly. Prune back water lilies and sink them to the bottom of the pond. Do not leave rotting vegetation in your pond.
If the pond is not netted yet, do so now. Leaves should not be allowed to collect and decompose in the pond. Tannic acid from leaves turns water brown and is toxic to fish.
Spray broad leaved evergreens such as rhododendrons, oregon grape, pieris, and euonymus with Cloud Cover or Anti Stress 2000 this and every winter month to help combat moisture loss through the leaves.
Continue feeding the fish; switch to a higher carbohydrate food such as Microbe-lift Cold Weather Food but feed less. When the water temperature reaches 50 degrees, stop feeding the fish.
Spray fruit trees and roses with Lime Sulfur Spray (dormant disease) and Dormant Oil (dormant insects) to kill overwintering insects, eggs and spores.
Fall color is in its glory at Greenhouse Garden Center. With our climate, we experience some great fall color on trees, shrubs, and perennials.
This month, take advantage of David's seminars on Shrubs for Fall Color and Trees for Fall Color. These are walking seminars that will tour various spots in the nursery that showcase fall color. Attend any seminar and receive 15% off on up to 5 items purchased that weekend.
This is one of the best, easiest and most delicious chilis for the fall season! Enjoy!
What You'll Need:
2 pounds of chicken breasts
3 green peppers
1 large yellow onion, diced
3 jalapeños, finely chopped (if you have someone who can't handle spicy, skip these and serve the chili with a hot sauce instead).
1 package of mushrooms
3 cans white navy beans
2 cups chicken stock
1 teaspoon cumin
3 tablespoons flour
3 tablespoons butter (do not use margarine)
2 cups of cheddar cheese, grated
Step by Step:
In a large stock pot, bring 1 cup of water to a boil; add 2 cups chicken stock , 1 teaspoon of pepper, 1 teaspoon of cumin, and the cans of navy beans (do not drain).
Bring all of that to a boil and put the burner on simmer.
Chop 3 green peppers and onion into bite-sized pieces.
Finely chop jalapeños (remember the heat comes from the membrane around the seeds; if you want less heat, discard the seeds)
Chop the chicken breast into bite-sized pieces and, in a separate skillet, brown until done.
Add the mushrooms, green peppers, jalapeños and onion to the stock pot. After the chicken has cooked and is done, add that to the stock pot.
Add the 2 cups of chicken stock.
In a separate skillet, melt 4 tablespoons of butter; add 4 tablespoons of flour and stir well (you are making a roux to thicken the chili). After the roux has been cooked through (do not brown, just cook for 2 minutes on medium), add to the stock pot.
Stir till combined completely. Raise the heat to medium and allow to thicken.
Gradually add the 1 cup of the shredded cheese.
Sprinkle the rest of the cheese on top of bowls when serving.